Coronavirus (COVID-19): Payment Relief for Student Loan Borrowers
Authored By: Northwest Justice Project
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You may be able to get relief from paying your student loans during the pandemic. #1610EN
- What has changed for student loan borrowers?
- Some student loans will be cancelled if you have to withdraw.
- You should have already gotten notice of these changes.
- I have a Perkins loan, private loan, or FFEL loan that is not held by the Department of Education.
- Where can I get more information about student loans?
- Get Legal Help
Congress passed the CARES Act in response to the economic crisis the pandemic has caused. It gives some emergency relief to people who owe money on federal student loans.
What has changed for student loan borrowers?
Monthly payments have been suspended (stopped) on many federal loans from March 13, 2020 through September 2021.
This applies to federal Direct Loans and Federal Family Education Loans (FFEL) currently owned by the U.S. Department of Education.
- This does not apply to Perkins Loans, private student loans (held by banks), or FFEL loans that are not owned by the U.S. Department of Education.
For qualifying federal student loans:
Automatic payments from bank accounts should stop automatically. You should not have to do anything to make this happen. If your loan servicer withdraws the payment, contact them immediately. You should get a refund.
Interest should not be added during this time. Most federal student loan debt grows every month with interest. This should stop through September 2021.
In some programs, each month of suspended payments will "count" as if you made a regularly scheduled payment even though the amount you owe may not go down.
If you are in a loan rehabilitation program (to get out of default), the months of suspended payments should count towards those programs as if you paid in full.
If you are in an Income Driven Repayment (IDR) plan, the months of suspended payments should count towards those programs as if you paid in full, on time.
If you are working toward Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF), the suspended payments should count towards the 120 payments needed for loan forgiveness.
None of this should harm your credit report. Credit reporting agencies like Experian, TransUnion and Equifax should not show that you "missed" a payment.
Collection of student loan debt by garnishment should stop during this time.
If your wages are being garnished to pay off qualifying student loan debt, that should stop through September 2021.
If your Social Security benefits are being reduced (offset) to pay off qualifying student loan debt, that should stop too.
The Department of Education should not take your tax refund to pay off qualifying student loan debt. If your tax refund was already taken after March 13, 2020, it should be returned to you.
Some student loans will be cancelled if you have to withdraw.
If you have to drop out of school because of COVID, you will not have to pay back the student loan you took out for that semester, quarter or year.
You should have already gotten notice of these changes.
You should have already gotten a notice about your right to suspend payments. It should have said you can still make payments during this time if you want to keep paying off the loan.
Starting on August 1, 2020, you should have gotten notice at least 6 times about:
When your regular loan payments will be due again.
When collection (garnishment or offset) will start again.
You can enroll in an Income Driven Repayment (IDR) plan so the amount may be lowered if you have a lower income.
I have a Perkins loan, private loan, or FFEL loan that is not held by the Department of Education.
The CARES Act did not require payment suspensions for these kinds of loans. Lenders can but do not have to suspend payments for this type of loan.
However, in the State of Washington, there is now some relief if you have commercially held FFEL loans or private student loans with these lenders:
Aspire Resources, Inc.
College Ave Student Loan Servicing, LLC
Kentucky Higher Education Student Loan Corporation
Lendkey Technologies, Inc.
SoFi Lending Corp.
United Guaranty Services, Inc.
Upstart Network, Inc.
Utah Higher Education Assistance Authority
Vermont Student Assistance Corporation
Contact your lender immediately. Ask if you can get any or all of these types of relief from payment at this time.
Offering you at least 90 days of forbearance (not having to pay)
Waiving (forgiving) late fees
Making sure you do not get a negative credit report for your private student loans
Stopping debt collection lawsuits for 90 days
Working with you to get you in other borrower assistance programs, such as income-based repayment
Where can I learn more about student loans?
The National Consumer Law Center has a lot of information for student loan borrowers.
Federal Student Aid website has information about applying for and repaying loans.
Get Legal Help
Visit Northwest Justice Project to find out how to get legal help.