Coronavirus (COVID-19): Payment Relief for Student Loan Borrowers
Authored By: Northwest Justice Project
You may be able to get relief from paying your student loans during the pandemic. #1610EN
- What has changed for student loan borrowers?
- Some student loans will be cancelled if you have to withdraw.
- You should get notified about these changes.
- What if I have a Perkins loan, private loan, or FFEL loan that is not held by the Department of Education?
- Where can I get more information about student loans?
- Get Legal Help
Congress passed the CARES Act in response to the economic crisis the pandemic has caused. It provides some emergency relief for many people who owe money on federal student loans.
What has changed for student loan borrowers?
Monthly payments have been suspended (stopped) on many federal loans from March 13 through September 30, 2020.
The suspension applies to federal Direct Loans and Federal Family Education Loans (FFEL) currently owned by the U.S. Department of Education.
- The suspension does not apply to Perkins Loans, private student loans (held by banks), or FFEL loans that are not owned by the U.S. Department of Education.
For qualifying federal student loans:
Automatic payments from bank accounts should stop automatically. You shouldn't have to do anything more to stop the withdrawals. If your loan servicer withdraws the payment, contact them immediately. You should get a refund.
Interest should not be added during this time. Most federal student loan debt grows every month with interest. This should stop through September, 2020.
In some programs, each month of suspended payments will "count" as if you made a regularly scheduled payment (even though the amount you owe won't necessarily go down).
If you are in a loan rehabilitation program (to get out of default), the months of suspended payments should count towards those programs as if you paid in full.
If you are in an Income Driven Repayment (IDR) plan, the months of suspended payments should count towards those programs as if you paid in full, on time.
If you are working toward Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF), these suspended payments should count towards the 120 payments needed for loan forgiveness.
- Your credit report should not be harmed. Credit reporting agencies (like Experian, TransUnion and Equifax) should not show that you "missed a payment.
Collection of student loan debt by garnishment should stop during this time.
If your wages are being garnished to pay off qualifying student loan debt, that should stop through September.
If some of your Social Security benefits are being reduced (offset) to pay off qualifying student loan debt, that should stop too.
The Department of Education should not take your tax refund to pay off qualifying student loan debt. If your tax refund was already taken after March 13, it should be returned to you.
Some student loans will be cancelled if you have to withdraw.
If you have to withdraw from school because of COVID-19, the student loan you took out for that payment period (semester, quarter or year) should be cancelled. You should not have pay it back.
You should get notified about these changes.
You may have already gotten a notice about your right to suspend payments. It should have also said that you that you can still make payments during this time if you want to keep paying off the loan.
Starting on August 1, 2020, you should get notified at least 6 times about:
When your regular loan payments will be due again.
When collection (garnishment or offset) will start again.
You can enroll in an Income Driven Repayment (IDR) plan so the amount may be lowered if you have a lower income.
What if I have a Perkins loan, private loan, or FFEL loan that is not held by the Department of Education?
The CARES Act did not make payments suspensions for these kinds of loans mandatory. Lenders can but do not have to suspend payments for this type of loan.
However, in the State of Washington, there is now some relief if you have commercially held FFEL loans or private student loans with these lenders:
Aspire Resources, Inc.
College Ave Student Loan Servicing, LLC
Kentucky Higher Education Student Loan Corporation
Lendkey Technologies, Inc.
SoFi Lending Corp.
United Guaranty Services, Inc.
Upstart Network, Inc.
Utah Higher Education Assistance Authority
Vermont Student Assistance Corporation
Contact your lender immediately to see if you are eligible for any or all of these types of relief from payment at this time.
Offering you a minimum of 90 days of forbearance
Waiving (forgiving) late payment fees
Making sure you do not get a negative credit report for your private student loans
Stopping debt collection lawsuits for 90 days
Working with you to enroll you in other borrower assistance programs, such as income-based repayment
Where can I get more information about student loans?
The National Consumer Law Center has a lot of information for student loan borrowers.
Federal Student Aid website has information about applying for and repaying loans.
Get Legal Help
Visit Northwest Justice Project to find out how to get legal help.