Authored By: Northwest Justice Project - CLEAR Intake Line
Your first step towards getting a job may be filling out an application or having an interview. This is your chance to show the employer you have the skills to work for them. This explains what the employer may legally ask you in the interview or application. #2907EN
- Should I read this?
- What is discrimination?
- What kinds of questions can they legally ask at my job interview?
- Can they make me take a drug test?
- Do I have to sign an I-9 form?
- What is at will employment?
- I belong to a union. Am I an “at will” employee?
- Is there some other way I might not be an at will employee?
- What does the employer expect of me?
Your first step to getting a job may be filling out an application or having an interview. This is a chance to show the employer you have the skills to work for them. We explain what the employer can legally ask in the interview or application.
Generally, it means treating certain people differently than others. Discrimination is illegal when you treat people differently because of their
sexual orientation, including gender identity
marital (marriage) status
national origin (country you were born or raised in)
because they might want to join a union
No employer can legally ask questions that might discriminate against you based on these things. An employer can ask questions to help evaluate how you will do at a job.
*In some places in Washington State, employers cannot legally ask about your politics or sexual orientation.
Some examples of legal and “not legal” questions:
LEGAL: OKAY TO ASK
If you can meet the work schedule or have other commitments that might keep you from coming to work.
If you can perform the job with or without accommodation. In some cases, the employer can ask you to perform physical tasks such as lifting boxes.
- If you can speak a foreign language.
NOT LEGAL: UNLAWFUL TO ASK
Sex discrimination: Specific questions about your gender identity, marital status, spouse, children, childcare arrangements, if you are or plan to become pregnant, or about your dependents.
Disability-based discrimination: Questions about the nature, severity or extent of a disability, or your need for an accommodation.
National origin discrimination: Questions about your race, ancestry, birthplace, first language, clubs.
Starting July 28, 2019, the employer cannot ask you, your current employer, or former employer about your wage or salary history, unless you bring it up yourself, or the employer has offered you a job
It depends. A private employer can require employees to take a drug test, unless the employer uses the test to discriminate against certain people. Example: it would be against the law if the employer only gave women or African Americans a drug test.
*Public employers are more restricted in their ability to require drug testing.
Yes. Your employer must get info from all employees showing they can lawfully work in the United States. You must sign an "I-9" form. It lists the types of identification an employer must accept. If you believe your employer has treated you unfairly because of the documents they have asked you to provide, call the U.S. Justice Department, Office of Special Counsel at 1-800-255-7688, (202) 616-5525 or 1-800-237-2515 (TDD for hearing impaired).
“At will” employment also means you can quit your job at will -- for any reason, any time.
*If you lose your job after spending a lot to move, or after giving up another job to take this one, usually you will have no legal claim against your employer.
No. Union contracts give you more rights. Union employees are not “at will” employees.
Maybe. Some employment contracts and personnel manuals make promises an employer must keep. Examples: a promise to fire you only for specific reasons or only after going through certain procedures.
Be on time for work.
Do not leave the work site without telling someone.
Do not miss work without permission.
Be courteous to other employees and to the public.
Follow the employer's health and safety rules.
If you filled out a job application: The info you gave must be accurate. The employer can be fire you for giving false info on the application.
This publication provides general information concerning your rights and responsibilities. It is not intended as a substitute for specific legal advice.
This information is current as of July 2019.
© 2019 Northwest Justice Project — 1-888-201-1014
(Permission for copying and distribution granted to the Alliance for Equal Justice and to individuals for non-commercial purposes only.)