The judge will probably sign a "judgment" declaring how much money you owe the landlord. The judge will also sign an order that the landlord will give to the sheriff. The sheriff will then probably deliver a final eviction notice (called a Writ of Restitution) on your door a day or two after the hearing.
The Sheriff will probably come back to physically evict you about 3 to 5 days after posting the notice on your door.
If your eviction was about rent, you can still ask the judge for a Payment Plan before the sheriff enforces the eviction order.
If you were evicted because you were behind on rent (and not because you broke the rules, or stayed too long after your tenancy ended), you can ask the court for a payment plan.
You will have to file a formal request to the court called a "motion" asking for a payment plan.
At this point, because the court has already signed a judgment, you will probably have to pay the rent + court costs + a late fee + the landlord's attorneys' fees.
The judge may consider all your circumstances and order a payment plan so that you can avoid eviction and stay in your home.