Immigration Status and Court Hearings in Washington State
Authored By: Northwest Justice Project
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Questions and answers about when and how the court can ask about your immigration status.
- I have to go to court. Can the judge ask about my immigration status?
- I am a witness for a criminal trial. Can they ask about it then?
- What if I am the defendant in a criminal case?
- I am a party in a family or other civil court case. Can they ask about my immigration status?
- How does a judge decide whether to allow evidence about my immigration status?
- Where can I find the rules about this?
- Will these rules stop ICE from picking me up if I show up at the courthouse?
Generally, no. There are a few exceptions.
Only to show that you are biased. Even then, the judge does not have to allow the question.
The judge can only allow evidence of your immigration status if needed to prove the charge OR your defense to the charge.
A lawyer for another party can only ask about this if needed to prove their case.
The party who wants to ask about your immigration status must file a motion asking court permission to do so. The judge will hold a private hearing in the judge’s chambers, not the courtroom, on the issue. The court will seal the motion and all related paperwork. If the court decides the party can ask about your immigration status, the judge must issue a written order saying so.
Rule of Evidence 413 is about immigration status and court.
General Rule 15 is about sealing court records.
This publication provides general information concerning your rights and responsibilities. It is not intended as a substitute for specific legal advice.
This information is current as of December 2018.
2018 Northwest Justice Project — 1-888-201-1014
(Permission for copying and distribution granted to the Alliance for Equal Justice and for non-commercial purposes only.)