Maybe. They may owe you:
A final paycheck - Your employer must promptly pay you all wages or salary it owes you, including overtime. This is due on your regularly scheduled pay day. Depending on the employer's policies, you may be entitled to vacation and sick leave pay. It may be illegal for the employer to deduct from your final paycheck for amounts you may owe.
COBRA - If you took part in the employer's medical plan, the federal COBRA Act generally entitles you to continue plan coverage for 18 months or more (unless the employer has few employees). The employer must give you timely notice of this option. You must choose to continue coverage under COBRA within 60 days of your termination. You will generally pay the full cost of the premium, plus 2 percent.
Contact your employer as soon as possible if you do not get the materials you need to sign up for this coverage when the employer terminates you. Make sure you meet the time requirements set by COBRA and the employer's medical plan. Learn more at the U.S. Department of Labor website.
HIPAA - If you took part in the employer's medical plan, the plan usually must give you a certificate of health coverage after your employment ends. You may need this certificate when you start your new job, to avoid health benefit restrictions there. Ask for this certificate as soon as possible after you lose coverage under the old plan, when your COBRA coverage ends, or when you start a new job.
Benefit payments - If you got medical care while employed, and your employer's medical plan covered it, the plan must reimburse you even though you are now unemployed. Follow the plan's procedures carefully. You must timely appeal any failure to pay benefits. Your summary plan description should help you understand your rights under the plan. If you do not have a copy of the summary plan description, ask the employer's HR department for a copy as soon as possible.
Severance pay - If the employer had a severance pay program, you may be entitled to this. Check your employment agreement, employee handbook or employer policy materials.
Retirement benefits - If you participated in the employer's 401(k) or other retirement plans, you generally keep certain rights under those plans after termination. Check your summary plan description or contact your employer's HR department.
Contractual obligations - If you had an employment agreement, it may give you certain rights after your termination. Read it carefully. Think about talking to a lawyer to make sure the employer is giving you everything the agreement lists.
Defamation/references - By law, your employer may not defame you (say things about you that are not true and cause you harm), and generally may not interfere with your new job search. Employers generally can share truthful info about you when responding to requests for job references.