What will I learn?
Find out what you can do if you applied for cash, food, medical, or childcare assistance from the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS) and they denied you benefits.
What else can I read?
If you are already getting benefits, and DSHS stops them, read How to Fight a Termination or Reduction of DSHS Public Assistance.
If DSHS says they gave you too much benefits, and you must pay back benefits they gave you, read Fighting an Overpayment of Cash Assistance, Medical Assistance or Food Stamps.
If your problem is with Social Security or Supplemental Security Income (SSI), read one of these:
Why did DSHS deny me benefits?
Their worker thinks any of these:
Your monthly income or things you own (resources) does not meet their guidelines.
You or your family are not the kinds of persons who can get that benefit. Examples: you do not have a disability, or you are not within a certain age range.
You or your family are not citizens or a type of immigrant who can get that benefit.
You have not given DSHS information they need.
You have not done something DSHS’ rules say you must.
How does DSHS tell me about the denial?
They must send you a notice that says all of these:
What benefit you applied for.
Why the facts in your case do not make you eligible.
Which Washington Administrative Code (WAC) rules the worker used to decide your case.
How to appeal.
Could DSHS be wrong about this?
The DSHS worker may not have known or understood all the important facts.
DSHS may have not used its rules correctly.
DSHS may not have taken the right steps in deciding your case and giving you notice.
DSHS may not have taken the right steps if you have a disability making it hard for you to understand or follow their rules. Read DSHS Help for People with Disabilities: Necessary Supplemental Accommodation (NSA).
What if I disagree with DSHS?
You can do any or all of these:
What is my deadline to ask for an administrative hearing?
You have up to 90 days from the date of the denial notice to do this.
How do I ask for a hearing?
Write the Office of Administrative Hearings at P.O. Box 42489, Olympia, WA 98504.
Call your nearest regional office. Find the number at www.oah.wa.gov/. Click on Contact.
Call or write your local DSHS office.
When will the hearing take place?
If it is an emergency, call the OAH. Ask them to have the hearing as soon as possible. This is an “expedited” hearing. Otherwise, your hearing will probably be 20 days or more after you ask for it.
Who is in charge of the hearing?
An Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) who does not work for DSHS leads the hearing. The ALJ sends you a written decision after the hearing. If you win, the ALJ usually orders benefits paid dating back to the day DSHS denied them.
What is Review and Explanation?
Before or after asking for a hearing, you can ask your DSHS worker to explain more about the decision. You might learn DSHS was missing or had wrong information. If so, try to give them the right information. If you need help getting that information, you can ask the worker. If you have to pay to get the information, ask DSHS to pay or if they will accept other proof.
You can also ask the worker’s supervisor for a meeting to review the decision. If you write the supervisor, the supervisor must write back within ten days.
If that does not change the decision, you can write the head (administrator) of the local DSHS office. The administrator must write back in ten days.
If you disagree with what the worker, supervisor, and administrator decide, the matter is final unless you also ask for or have asked for a hearing.
Should I re-apply?
Yes, if one of these is true:
You think DSHS was right to deny you. Your situation has since changed.
You have more information that might change the decision. Your DSHS worker or supervisor will only look at it if you re-apply. You can re-apply while also trying to use the new information in your administrative hearing.
How do I get ready for an administrative hearing?
Read Representing Yourself at an Administrative Hearing. It also explains how to
The rules DSHS lists in your notice and the others it used in your case start with WAC 388-. The rules about the hearing process are in WAC Chapter 388-02. You can read them online.
These should help you understand the rules for some benefit programs:
Get Legal Help
Visit Northwest Justice Project to find out how to get legal help.