Tenant Screening: Your Rights

Read this in: Spanish / Español
Authored By: Northwest Justice Project

If you are looking for an apartment or house to rent, read this to learn about state law regarding tenant screening. #6302EN

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*Read this only if you are trying to rent in Washington state.


*Eviction law continues to change. Read about the latest changes to eviction laws.



Should I read this?

Yes, if you are looking for an apartment, house, or mobile home to rent in Washington state. If you apply to rent a place to live, the landlord may “screen” you. “Screening” means the landlord checks into your background. This helps the landlord decide if they want to rent to you.


What will I learn from reading this?

You will learn:

  • What the landlord must tell you about the screening process

  • How much the landlord can charge you for screening expenses

  • What you can do if you disagree with any of what the landlord learned from screening you

  • What you can do if the landlord does not follow the law

*Stop here if you have an eviction in your past and want to keep the screening company from using it against you. Get our How to Stop a Landlord from Denying your Housing Application Because of an Eviction packet.


What is the landlord supposed to do?

A landlord must let you know the following before you hand in your application:

  • What types of information the landlord will get as part of the screening

  • What information from the screening may cause the landlord to reject your application

  • If the landlord uses a consumer report:

  • the consumer reporting agency’s name and address

  • your right to a free copy of the consumer report if the landlord turns down your application

  • your right to dispute (challenge) the accuracy of information in the report

The landlord must post this information or give it to you in writing. Telling you this information verbally is not enough.


Can the landlord charge me to screen me?

Yes, but:

  • only if the landlord also lets you know the above, in writing, and

  • only for the actual costs of any screening.

The landlord may not charge you any more than what a local screening service would normally charge. This can include costs for time spent calling your past and present landlords, employers, and banks.


The landlord turned down my tenant application based on something they found in screening me. What can I do?

The landlord must give you a written notice stating their reasons. A sample blank notice below shows what it should look like. It must look “substantially” like our sample form. It must have the same information our sample form would have.


The landlord did not tell me beforehand what information they would use to screen me. But they turned my tenant application down because of the information they got from screening me. What can I do?

You can sue the landlord. The court could award you up to one hundred dollars, plus court costs and attorneys' fees.


Are any other tenant screening protections available to me?

Yes. A landlord cannot deny an applicant or treat a tenant differently because their income comes from sources other than wages from a job. Some examples of these other income sources include Aged, Blind, or

Disabled cash assistance (ABD), child support, pension or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). To learn more, read Tenants: New Legal Protection from Discrimination Based on Source of Income.

If you are renting in Seattle, you have still more protections. Seattle landlords:

  • Cannot give preferential treatment to applicants (favor one over others) based on whom the applicants work for

  • Must offer a rental agreement to the first qualified applicant who turns in a complete application

  • Cannot advertise "no criminal record" or deny applicants based on a criminal record

  • Between March 3, 2020 and six months after the COVID-19-related civil emergency ends, landlords cannot deny a tenant housing or take adverse action because of a COVID-19-related eviction history.

To learn more, read the City of Seattle’s Renting in Seattle.


Get Legal Help

Visit Northwest Justice Project to find out how to get legal help. 


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Last Review and Update: Dec 04, 2020
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