Abuse here means non-accidental action (or inaction) that harms a vulnerable adult.
The harm can be:
- physical or mental injury
- unreasonably being held somewhere against the vulnerable adult's will
- sexual abuse
- mental abuse
- physical abuse
- exploitation or abandonment of a vulnerable adult
Neglect is when a person or agency with a duty to care for a vulnerable adult acts (or fails to act) in a way that results in the vulnerable adult not getting care needed to keep them physically or mentally healthy.
Exploitation happens when an abuser illegally or improperly uses a vulnerable adult or the vulnerable adult's income and/or resources, including trust funds or bank accounts, for the abuser's profit or advantage.
Abandonment is when a person or agency with a duty to care for a vulnerable adult acts (or fails to act) in a way that leaves the vulnerable adult unable to get needed food, clothing, shelter, or health care.
Self-neglect means a vulnerable adult, not living in a care facility, cannot provide for themselves the goods and services they need for their own physical or mental health. This hurts or threatens the vulnerable adult's well-being.