Washington’s Non-Parent Visitation Rights
Authored By: Northwest Justice Project
- Read this in:
- Spanish / Español
Learn how and when certain non-parent relatives can file for non-parent visitation with a child. #3152EN
- I thought non-parents had no right to visits.
- Who cannot file for non-parent visits?
- Who can file for non-parent visits?
- Will there be a hearing?
- I am a parent. I do not want this person visiting with my child. Will the judge listen to me?
- I am a non-parent. What could go wrong if I file this?
- What is an "ongoing and substantial relationship with the child"?
- The child is under two. How could there have been a substantial relationship?
- Will the judge grant the non-parent visits with the child?
- Can a non-parent file for visitation more than once?
- Where can I read the law?
- Get Legal Help
I thought non-parents had no right to visits.
State law changed in June 2018. Now some people can file to ask a Superior Court to give them visits with a child who is not theirs.
Who cannot file for non-parent visits?
A parent who had a court terminate (end or cut off) their parental rights.
A parent who surrendered (gave up) their parental rights.
Who can file for non-parent visits?
Any blood relative
Any blood relative's spouse
Step-parent, step-sister or step-brother
Half-sister or -brother
Will there be a hearing?
Maybe. The non-parent (Petitioner) must file a petition (form starting a court case) and written statements from people who agree Petitioner should have visits. The judge reads this paperwork. If the judge then decides she will probably grant the visits, the court will schedule a hearing. At the hearing, the parent who has the children can argue against visits.
I am a parent. I do not want this person visiting with my child. Will the judge listen to me?
Probably. The court presumes (assumes) a parent's decision to deny visits is in the child's best interest. The non-parent must prove by clear and convincing evidence that not allowing visits would cause the child harm. This is harder than the "preponderance of the evidence" in most civil cases.
*You can use our packet called You Have Been Served with a Petition for Visits, available at WashingtonLawHelp.org.
I am a non-parent. What could go wrong if I file this?
The court may well order you to pay the parent's attorney fees. The court could do this before any hearing if the parent asks for this. The court could also order you to pay the parent's legal costs and attorney fees if you lose the hearing.
What is an "ongoing and substantial relationship with the child"?
The law says this is a relationship between the non-parent and child formed and kept up through interaction, companionship, and mutual interest and affection. The non-parent does not expect to be paid for the relationship. The relationship has lasted for at least two years.
The child is under two. How could there have been a substantial relationship?
The judge will look for the non-parent's involvement in the child's life for at least half the child's life, with a shared expectation of and desire for an ongoing relationship.
Will the judge grant the non-parent visits with the child?
Only if the non-parent proves both of these:
real risk of harm if visits do not happen
visits are in the child's best interest
Can a non-parent file for visitation more than once?
Where can I read the law?
Get Legal Help
Visit Northwest Justice Project to find out how to get legal help.